Launching the I.C.E. Age Project

by Brett Samantha Dooley, Western Science Center Educator

I am an educator at the Western Science Center (WSC) but also a graduate student in the Global PRiSE (Pragmatic Research in STEM Education) Program through Texas Tech University. As its name implies, the Global PRiSE Program seeks to build new lines of international exchange in areas including formal and informal education. My involvement with Global PRiSE has caused thoughts about global outreach to permeate through all my endeavors. Once there was a strong possibility I would begin working with WSC, I thought a partnership between two schools to build an exhibit for the museum about the Pleistocene (Ice Age) fossils that come from the region of each school would be exciting and informative.

The best way to begin was with a local and an international school partnering with WSC serving as a facilitator and providing specimens. Another interest of mine is to test whether or not students are more invested in projects with international rather than domestic partners so that future projects may include domestic partners as well.

The first part of an endeavor involving partnerships is finding participants. I approached a few high school teachers at the Western Center Academy (WCA), but their plates were too full to take on a new project. I spoke with a colleague and friend who teaches in North Carolina, but she is in her first year at a new school and couldn’t take on more. I then approached the sixth-grade science teacher who thought the project sounded interesting. One down, one to go!

Next, I had to find an international partner for the project to proceed. I worked previously with a teacher in Catalan, so I asked him if he knew of anyone interested. Alas, I did not hear back from him. Next, I tried a teacher in Russia with whom I’d been in contact, but this was not a good time for her. I posted in the KidLink Facebook group about the project, but nobody was biting. Then I asked my advisor about a teacher in Brazil he had mentioned previously, and he introduced us through an email. She is an English language teacher from Colégio Elvira Brandão in São Paulo, Brazil and thought the idea sounded wonderful. I had my two partners at last! With this, the WSC launched the I.C.E. (International Collaboration for Education) Age Project.

A natural tie-in with the sixth-grade curriculum and a comparison of Ice Age Fauna is their climate unit. The teacher in Brazil was flexible with timing, so we decided to begin the collaboration at the end of March when the climate unit began. In the interim months, we continued correspondence through Facebook Messenger and emails, and I checked in weekly with the teacher at WCA. In February, we met via Skype to discuss the project goals, a basic timeline, and plan of attack.

In late March, we were ready for students to begin! I went into the 6th-grade class and showed them some of the 3D fossils with which they could work. The students “oohed” and “ahhed;” their interest apparent as they held the prints. One student brought the back portions of a Smilodon fatalis (saber-toothed cat) dentary (jaw) up to his jaws in mock gnashing of teeth. A low murmur spread through the class when I showed them a tusk fragment of a mammoth. (Their school mascot is the Mammoth.)

The following Monday we went on a museum tour so students could focus on the exhibit panels and text to get an idea of what they would be creating as well as to see the 3D printing lab. Some of the students were quite dedicated to the task and took notes about all of the signs. I pointed out the difference in text design of the temporary exhibit, the hallway exhibit, and the mammoth remains to help them see the value text panels have and the power of limited text supplemented with visuals.


A Western Center Academy student taking notes from one of WSC’s exhibits.


Students from Western Center Academy using Google Hangouts to meet with their counterparts at Colégio Elvira Brandão.

The teacher told students to pick a favorite fossil and to begin researching. The next week students divided themselves into teams to research and write about their chosen animal and to create sketches. I went into the class each day to provide any information needed and to help the students find good web resources.

With this, the Brazilian students edited and added to the text and shared their illustrations.

When the text was ready, it was sent to the museum staff, who made final edits and placed everything into panel templates. Meanwhile, the museum had been producing 3D-printed replicas of specimens, secured a display case, and made room for the new display in the exhibit gallery.

Panels were ordered and delivered, prints were completed, and by April 25th everything was in place! To open the exhibit, we held a reception for the WCA students, faculty, and parents, with the  Brazilian students present on a video call. The first I.C.E. Age Project exhibit is now up at Western Science Center for everyone to see!


Educator Brett Dooley addressing the Western Center Academy students and their families during the opening reception of their exhibit.


WCA students checking out the finished panels they helped produce.




Playing in the Sandbox: Meaningful Exhibit Design

by Dr. Alton Dooley, WSC Executive Director

“Dig site” boxes  (which we usually refer to as sandboxes) are an almost ubiquitous part of any paleontology exhibit. These days they’re often filled with foam crumbles instead of sand, and they’re generally populated with casts of various fossils, usually anchored to the bottom of the box. Using some combination of whisk brooms, plastic trowels, and pails, children will crawl around the sandbox and uncover the fossils Jurassic Park style. Sandboxes are always extremely popular, especially with families with small children, and they are invariably one of the most heavily used parts of an exhibit. We did a sandbox in our Stories from Bones exhibit last year, and we’re doing another one for this exhibit.

I hate sandboxes.


The sandbox from Stories from Bones.

But my dislike doesn’t stem from the sandbox itself, but rather how it is all too often implemented as a playground with no other function.

In a research museum such as Western Science Center, I see the role of exhibits as being to educate our visitor about whatever topic is covered by the exhibit. As we plan an exhibit, the first question we ask is “What is our story?” Whatever that story is, each component of the exhibit should contribute to the story. In many ways, developing an exhibit is like developing a screenplay from a novel. There may be great ideas in the novel that just don’t work as part of the screenplay; they are too tangential to the main story, or they take up so much time that they pull attention away from the main theme. In exhibit design, we make the same types of choices. The story of science is huge (essentially infinite), complex, and deeply interconnected, and we only have 3,000 square feet to work with; there’s usually no room for extraneous components that don’t contribute to the theme.

This doesn’t mean an exhibit component can’t be fun! In fact, it should be; who wants to see a movie based on a screenplay that tells its story thoroughly, but with no drama, comic relief, or variety of any kind? Exhibit components should be engaging and (usually) fun, but they still need to contribute to the story.

That’s where my issues with sandboxes arise. The way they are often implemented, they do a great job being fun and engaging, but not so much being informative. If some of our visitors are going to spend half of their time in the exhibit at the sandbox, they should at least have the opportunity to learn from it.


Building the sandbox – you can see the fossil horse cast here before it was covered with foam crumbles.

To that end, we’ve spent a fair amount of time thinking about what a sandbox can offer to our story, and testing out ways to make it more informative. Brett and I have spent a lot of time looking at sandboxes at other museums, and have seen some that were pure playgrounds and others that were well integrated into the larger exhibit themes.

In our exhibit, we’re using the sandbox in several different ways. We’re focusing on the hominin diversity at Olduvai Gorge, which is a major part of our overall human evolution theme; Homo sapiens represents just one branch of a formerly much more diverse clade. As a second order concept, we want to get across that hominin remains are almost always fragmentary, but that it’s still possible to make identifications and infer relationships, behaviors, etc. from fragments (a lot of people have difficulty accepting how much we can infer from limited data). So we’ll have exercises where the visitor has to identify the specimens they uncover and determine things like the minimum number of individuals. (As an additional twist, every few weeks the contents of the sandbox will change; repeat visitors won’t necessarily find the same things every time.) Young children will still be able to play in the sandbox and have a good time moving sand around, but we hope their older siblings, parents, and grandparents will be able to take part as well, and learn some things about hominin history at the same time.

All In

by J. M. Sandlin, Museum Intern

I’m not exactly your typical community college student. With a time-yellowed bachelor’s degree from UCLA and at least two distinct careers under my belt, I tend to think of (and often describe) myself as an old dog in search of new tricks. Sometimes I find what I’m looking for–worthwhile sources of amusement and edification–in the varied curriculum of Mt. San Jacinto College.

MSJC is a mid-sized school with a laid-back atmosphere and more than a few genuinely caring educators. In early January I received an email from longtime MSJC faculty member Pam Ford, informing me of an upcoming opportunity to assist in the development of an exhibit at the Western Science Center. I couldn’t have been more delighted with the idea! For me, as a devotee of all things old and obscure, good museums are among life’s enduring pleasures. And the Western Science Center is rightly called a beacon of light in the Inland Empire’s small community of museums.

With Pam’s email duly read and responded to, I soon found myself seated loftily (if somewhat uncomfortably) atop the exhibition bandwagon, headed, along with my fellow student-interns, to the promised land of cool stuff. The view from that vantage point, however, was not at all what I had expected. For in front of us, stretching as far as the mind’s eye could see, lay a nicely tilled but otherwise unsown intellectual landscape. Suddenly it dawned on me–we were starting this thing from scratch!

The overarching theme had been determined for us: it was to be an exhibit about the evolution of humankind. Just about everything else, though, was up for grabs. We needed a title. We needed artifacts to display. We needed access to the latest research. In short, we needed a plan!

At first, the unfamiliar, unpronounceable, polysyllabic science-speak made my head spin. I’m a businessman-cum-historian. What did I know about science? What, realistically, could I hope to contribute to a scientific exhibition? For answers, I turned to MSJC Professor Erik Ozolins, the college’s front man for this endeavor, and WSC director, Dr. Alton Dooley.

Professor Ozolins and Dr. Dooley, presiding jointly (and somewhat intimidatingly) over the preliminary exhibition meeting, looked down WSC’s elongated conference table and addressed us would-be student-interns with kindness and reassurance. You can do it, they admonished us; you can help bring this exhibit to life!

That was exactly what I needed to hear. Yes, we’d be starting from scratch. And yes, the road ahead was likely to be a bumpy one. But come what may, from that day forward, I was all in.